Ancient Greece refers to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Dark Ages to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. They soon discovered that bronze and other metals could be melted and turned into ornaments, jewelry, knives, swords, and more. Traditionally, the Ancient Greek period was taken to begin with the date of the first Olympic Games in 776 BC, but most historians now extend the term back to about 1000 BC. In 490 BC, Darius sent another fleet directly across the Aegean (rather than following the land route as Mardonius had done) to subdue Athens. The conflict resulted in a victory for the British — and later U.S.-supported government forces, which led to Greece receiving American funds through the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, as well as becoming a member of NATO, which helped to define the ideological balance of power in the Aegean for the entire Cold War. The French and British seized its major port and effectively neutralized the Greek army. On 20 May 1941, the Germans attempted to seize Crete with a large attack by paratroopers, with the aim of reducing the threat of a counter-offensive by Allied forces in Egypt, but faced heavy resistance. This timeline outlines the major periods and events of the Greek civilization from the Mesolithic period until the end of the Hellenistic Era. In 225 BC, Macedon defeated the Egyptian fleet at Cos and brought the Aegean islands, except Rhodes, under its rule as well. Although the involvement of the KKE in the uprisings was universally known, the party remained legal until 1948, continuing to coordinate attacks from its Athens offices until proscription. to 323 B.C. British troops had already landed on 4 October in Patras, and entered Athens on 14 October 1944. In 222 BC, the Macedonian army defeated the Spartans and annexed their city—the first time Sparta had ever been occupied by a different state. With Pericles gone, less conservative elements gained power in the city and Athens went on the offensive. In 202 BC, Rome defeated Carthage, and was free to turn her attention eastwards. Answer . Some writers include the periods of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations, while others argue that these civilizations were so different from later Greek cultures that they should be classed separately. There was disagreement among the Greeks as to which party violated the treaty between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues, as Athens was technically defending a new ally. It captured 300–400 Spartan hoplites at the Battle of Pylos. Scores of non-Greeks philhellenes volunteered to fight for the cause, including Lord Byron. Three of the most well-known were Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon. Collectively these periods span from roughly 1000 B.C. Assimilating the Roman tradition, the emperors sought to offer the basis for later developments and for the formation of the Byzantine Empire. From late 2009, fears developed in investment markets of a sovereign debt crisis concerning Greece's ability to pay its debts, in view of the large increase in the country's government debt. The attacks of the Slavs lost their periodical and temporary character and became permanent settlements that transformed into new states, initially hostile to Constantinople until their christianization. Then Greek vase painters began to … Rome promptly lured the Achaean cities away from their nominal loyalty to Philip, and formed alliances with Rhodes and Pergamum, now the strongest power in Asia Minor. However, in mainland Greece and islands various Latin possessions continued to exist. A Concise History of Greece Ancient Greek civilization has been immensely influential on the language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, art and architecture of the modern world, particularly during the Renaissance in Western Europe and again during various neo-classical revivals in 18th and 19th-century Europe and the Americas. Historical Time Periods 27/08/2020 27/08/2020 by Heather Y Wheeler This timeline gives a chronological listing of all historical time periods from prehistory to present day Defeated Carthage, and the Byzantine Empire 900–1200, towns expanded significantly in fields! 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