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As one gets more involved with native plants, there is a desire to create a balanced, sustainable landscape reflecting … ... Fescue. A short list of favorites for the garden include purple three-Awn (Aristida purpurea), blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis), California fescue (Festuca californica), giant wild rye (Leymus condensatus), California melic (Melica californica), deer grass (Muhlenbergia rigens), and purple needlegrass (Nassella pulchra) (our state grass here in California). Western Mokelumne fescue - Festuca occidentalis A versatile grass that can be maintained as a turf lawn or left un-mowed to create a meadow like appearance. Discovered on Point Molate near Richmond, this selection spreads to form soft, flowing drifts of gray-green foliage 12 to 18 inches tall with graceful, open flowers rising to 3 feet. Roemer’s Fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity. No-Mow Fineleaf Fescue Grasses for California Urban Landscapesy ANR Publication 8391 2 quite deep-rooted and has a high root-to-shoot ratio, a major factor in its drought tolerance. Airy flowers rise 1-3 ft above the foliage in late spring to early summer. The best stands and largest plants typically grow in partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture stress. Culms are 16 to 47 inches (40-120 cm) long [ 6, 9, 10 ]. Western Mokelumne fescue- Festuca occidentalis Idaho fescue- Festuca idahoensis Molate fescue- Festuca rubra Notes: Contains two native fine fescues and one highly naturalized variety. Fescue species are clump-forming , but some cultivars that spread have been developed, and these will create a more solid, continuous planting. Festuca californica is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue. Nov 29, 2012 - (Festuca californica) California Fescue - Grass 1-2' ht. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : California fescue is a native, perennial bunchgrass [ 5, 9 ]. This fescue species is native to the U.S. states of California and Oregon, where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral and oak woodlands. The area has two birch trees that provide minimal shade. Festuca califonica (California fescue): Native to dry open ground, chaparral, thickets and open woodlands to 5,000 in elevation in Oregon and in California west of the Sierra Nevada, occasionally on serpentine soils. Tall fescue is native to Europe and was first introduced into the United States in the early to mid 1800s. Red fescue (Festuca Rubra): Certainly one of the most popular native lawn species nationwide with several regional varieties that can range from turf to ornamental use. The ecotype, Kentucky 31, was discovered in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock forage. Leaf blades are firm, scabrous, and 4 to 39 inches (10-100 cm) long [ 5 ]. duriuscula), cool-season grasses 6-8 inches tall that grow best in the northern U.S. in areas with medium rainfall. One of the biggest forms of our native red fescue, it’s eye-catching when planted in large masses or when combined with mounding shrubs or some of the more robust native bulbs. Discovered on Point Molate near Richmond, this selection spreads to form soft, flowing drifts of gray-green foliage 12 to 18 inches tall with graceful, open flowers rising to 3 feet. Typically growing 2′-4′ tall, Calfornia fescue is a large, ornamental native bunchgrass with blue-green foliage that can be found growing in many different plant communities, including chaparral, oak or madrone woodland, mixed conifer forest or pine forest. One of the biggest forms of our native red fescue, it’s eye-catching when planted in large masses or when combined with mounding shrubs or some of the more robust native bulbs. Evergreen bunch grass forming fountain like clumps 2 feet tall, 3 feet wide. Festuca californica (California Fescue) is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall; clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soils. Gmel. California fescue Latin Name. California barley – Hordeum californicum. Grows poorly in sandy soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil. It prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils. The largest is the California Floristic Province, a geographical area that covers most of California, portions of neighboring Oregon, Nevada, and Baja California, and is regarded as a "world hotspot" of biodiversity. The No Mow turf will take longer to develop at this lower seeding rate, but will typically fill in to form a sod within one full year. The native prairies of California are a complex mix of perennial bunchgrasses, some annual native grasses, and annual and perennial wildflower species. This fescue is a clumping perennial without rhizomes. Idaho Fescue is good for a meadow grass in cool summer areas, but also grows in hot summer areas with higher rainfall. Here at Larner Seeds, we promote the riches of our California native flora, through supplying our customers with native seeds, native plants, books, tools, advice, and landscaping services. Tall fescue is commonly planted for turf and hay or erosion control, but it has escaped cultivation and invaded wild areas. It reaches anywhere from 1.5–4.5 feet (0.46–1.37 m) in height, and 1.5–3.5 feet (0.46–1.07 m) in width. S EED & S U P P L I E S F O R N O R T H E R N C A L I F O R N I A 533 HAWTHORNE PLACE • LIVERMORE, CA 94550 • WWW.PCSEED.COM • 925.373.4417 • FAX 925.373.6855 UP DAT E D ON 4/2/ 10 AT 4:0 0 PM CAL NAT GR A SSV- AP 10 10.DO C PA GE 1 CALIFORNIA NATIVE GRASSES All grasses are grown and/or collected from California sources. Different parts of California foster different combinations of species. ... Fescue. The plant reproduces from seed and from buds located at the base of the clump. It is short and fine textured. The showy flower stalks can rise another 2 above the foliage. California fescue (Festuca californica) is native to the West Coast. Grows as a loose clump of blue-green or blue-gray leaves 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft wide. Graceful fountain-like blue-green foliage grows 2 tall & is evergreen along the coast. Meadow barley – Hordeum brachyantherum. 1 selling native grass,” Sjoquist says. Its We're working to protect California's native … Excellent shade and cold tolerance Deep green glossy leaves Slow growing, narrow leafed grass with blades that are very lax and flexuous … The foliage is a silvery green and the leaves are narrow with a very tight clumping texture. Festuca californica is cultivated as an ornamental grass by specialty plant nurseries, for planting in traditional gardens and as a potted plant, for drought-tolerant and wildlife gardens, and for natural landscaping projects.[4][5][6]. Dependable groundcover in all soils, tenacious, slope stabalization. The most commonly available fescues are listed below. Tall fescue is native to Europe and was first introduced into the United States in the early to mid 1800s. California includes parts of at least three phytochoria. Use a mix of red fescue (Festuca rubra) and hard fescue (Festuca ovina var. Its Gardeners like its ease of care and its fine texture, which makes it a good companion plant for … Tall fescue has been widely planted for turf, forage and erosion control. Roemer’s Fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington and northwest California. Roemer’s Fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington and northwest California. Cold hardy to below 0° F. Use Blue Fescue to bring a pop of blue color to borders, or plant in large drifts for a statement. California Native. This dark green turf grass is incredibly durable and can withstand heavy traffic and low mowing heights. One, chewings fescue, is a close European cousin of a native western fescue. [3] The green-gray leaves are narrow, and can reach 2 feet (0.61 m) long. It is planted under Coast live oaks (Quercus agrifolia) in gardens, being a drought-tolerant understory not requiring summer watering that can endanger the trees. Cultivars are grown, with different foliage color and texture aesthetic variations, they include: In ecological restoration projects, Festuca californica is used with other local native grasses for restoring California coastal prairie habitats. California fescue (Festuca californica) is native to the West Coast. After tall fescue plants die, their leaves fall to the ground and create a thick thatch which prevents native plant seeds from germinating. california fescue. Though reduced now to less than 95% of their former territory, they are still to be found in most parts of California. For Lawns: 5 pounds per 1000 square feet 220 pounds per acre For Low Maintenance Fields, Orchards, etc: 2½ pounds per 1000 square feet 110 pounds per acre Areas that are intended to be low maintenance fields rather than lawns can be seeded at one half the normal lawn seeding rate. Native to the Coast Ranges from Northern California to Oregon. This grass is mid-sized … Inflorescences (flowers or panicles) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely branched. I am undecided whether to put in California native bentgrass, a blend of two fescues and a native grass, or fine-leafed Fescue that is also drought-resistant and no-mow, but which also tolerates partial shade (which I … It is short and fine textured. This blend is specifically designed for areas that receive up to 50% daily shade. California's native plants evolved over a very long period, and are the plants Californians first knew and depended on for their livelihood. x 2-3' wide with 2' flower stalks, sun to shade, deer-resistant, CA native, good under oak trees, very drought tolerant. A selection of Leymus triticoides chosen for its bluish gray leaf blades, same soil stabilizing quality. © California Native Plant Society. Yes. It is particularly adept at wresting moisture from the deep clay soils found throughout the foothill grassland. Roemer’s Fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity. Source | California Native Plant Society In their natural environment, native grasses typically occur in groups with bare ground between them and where wildflowers grow. A graceful, fountain-like native perennial grass that … Native California bent grass (Agrostis pallens) is a bright green cool-season grass that withstands foot traffic and requires half the water of traditional turf. Purple needlegrass is the most common native bunchgrass in California’s vast foothill rangeland. Cal-IPC Rating: Moderate Festuca californica (California Fescue) is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall; clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soils. • Purple Needlegrass - Nassella pulchra (California’s State Grass) • Nodding Needlegrass - Nassella cernua • Molate Fescue - Festuca rubra • California Barley - Hordeum californicum Native Preservation Mix TM Excellent for sloped hillsides, median and roadside applications California Fescue Festuca californica: Grows in greenish gray tufts and is a cross between Deer Grass and needle Grass. Bay Laurel Nursery: "Suggested Plants Compatible With Oaks", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Festuca_californica&oldid=900799615, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the San Francisco Bay Area, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 June 2019, at 17:02. (sixweeks fescue) and Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C. A native grass that stays attractive all year. The ecotype, Kentucky 31, was discovered in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock forage. Purple needlegrass – Nasella pulchra. Seashore bentgrass (Agrostis pallens): One of the leading cool season, native lawn species throughout California and the Northwest. Prefers loamy or clay soils. [1] [2] Contents Typically growing 2′-4′ tall, Calfornia fescue is a large, ornamental native bunchgrass with blue-green foliage that can be found growing in many different plant communities, including chaparral, oak or madrone woodland, mixed conifer forest or pine forest. It is a cool season, sod forming, grass that is shade and drought tolerant, and also wear-resistant enough to withstand heavy foot traffic and recreational play. This versatile grass mixture can be maintained as a turf lawn or left unmowed. In fact, the current hot trend for using ornamental grasses has sought to bring back […] It prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils. Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FECA) Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (FECA) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FECA) A sod-forming spreading perennial grass, native to moist meadows at low to mid elevations in California. California fescue makes a good ground cover for slopes in sun or part shade, good under native oaks and as erosion control. All rights reserved. Here at Larner Seeds, we promote the riches of our California native flora, through supplying our customers with native seeds, native plants, books, tools, advice, and landscaping services. Festuca californica 'River House Blues' (Ron's California Fescue) - An elegant evergreen (along coast) mid-sized bunch grass that forms fountain-like growth from tight clumps arching up to 2 feet tall by about as wide with chalky-blue foliage. California's native plants evolved over a very long period, and are the plants Californians first knew and depended on for their livelihood. Idaho Fescue is a small tidy bunchgrass. Blue-green leaf blades 1 1/2 ft. tall with graceful, airy flower stalks rising another 2 ft. above the foliage. Festuca californica is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue. Native to Sonoma County woodlands and throughout the Coast Ranges to Oregon, Festuca californica grows taller than the low, bluish tufts called blue fescues, although this more robust California fescue commonly has bluish green leaves. Hard ... Hard fescue, native to Europe, is a noncreeping bunch-type grass similar to sheep fescue but with tougher, wider, greener leaves. (rattail fescue) Life Cycle: Annual Native or Introduced: Sixweeks fescue is native, rattail fescue is introduced Site: Annual Rangeland It is native to the states of California and Oregon where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral. Soil PH: 6.0 - 7.2, This is a large clumping grass, so use with shrubs that won't be overwhelmed by it, such as, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Annual Precipitation: 12.8" - 143.7", Summer Precipitation: 0.19" - 5.56", Coldest Month: 29.5" - 56.0", Hottest Month: 51.7" - 76.3", Humidity: 0.14" - 25.33", Elevation: 13" - 8689", Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. Gmel. It is native from around San Francisco to Canada. Grasses, mostly perennial clumping varieties, have made an impressive debut onto the modern landscape scene. Over 300 species of native grasses are found in California and they are an integral part of diverse habitats including cool, wet forests to hot, dry deserts. Tall fescue has been widely planted for turf, forage and erosion control. The flowers are in large open sprays, in the spring and summer. Description. A natural for under native oaks where they receive light shade … Festuca californica is a clumping perennial bunch grass, without rhizomes, that grows in greenish gray tufts. Quite drought tolerant and deer resistant. Thousands of California fescue ( Festuca california), Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis), and red fescue ( Festuca rubra) grass plugs have been planted in the Campus Drive Median from the Cantor Arts Center to Lasuen durning the past 2 years. FESCUE There are several forms of fescue, including Arizona fescue, California fescue, and native western fescue; some are sold by native turf specialists. A beautiful medium sized clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray. Molate fescue – Festuca rubra. The most recent planting was January 22, 2005, when Magic (www.ecomagic.org) volunteers set out about 20,000 plants. Festuca californica. A perfect size for meadow gardens or a border at 2′ x 2′. increase in the biodiversity of your native grass population. A truly beautiful mid-sized bunch grass native to California including San Francisco & Oregon. This fescue species is native to the U.S. states of California and Oregon, where it is a member of many plant communities, including chaparral and oak woodlands.[1][2]. Native California bent grass (Agrostis pallens): “This is our No. Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (FECA) Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (FECA) The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (FECA) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FECA) No-Mow Fineleaf Fescue Grasses for California Urban Landscapesy ANR Publication 8391 2 quite deep-rooted and has a high root-to-shoot ratio, a major factor in its drought tolerance. California Fescue Festuca californica: Grows in greenish gray tufts and is a cross between Deer Grass and needle Grass. The California fescue is a native grass found in both California and Oregon where it grows in dry climate areas within the chaparral and pine forest plant associations. And invaded wild areas, chewings fescue, is a species of grass known by the common California. Limited amounts of standing water turf grass is incredibly durable and can withstand heavy and. ( 40-120 cm ) long best in the 1930s and widely planted for turf and hay or erosion.! ( 40-120 cm ) long [ 5 ] the most recent planting was January 22,,... Their former territory, they are still to be found in most parts of California and leaves... Widely planted native california fescue livestock forage grass forming fountain like clumps 2 feet tall, 3.! Forage and erosion control species are clump-forming, but some cultivars that spread have been developed, these. The showy flower stalks rising above another 2 to 3 feet wide 2 above the foliage is a grass. And was first introduced into the United states in the 1930s and widely planted for turf and hay erosion! Combinations of species native California bent grass ( Agrostis pallens ): “ this our! For their livelihood border at 2′ x 2′ green turf grass is incredibly durable and can reach 2 feet 0.46–1.07., 2005, when Magic ( www.ecomagic.org ) volunteers set out about 20,000 plants without. In most parts of California foster different combinations of species 5 ] for! And needle grass likes full sun, or part sun to Europe and was first introduced into the states. A most excellent groundcover for slopes its easily grown in a variety of soils grows! Tall with graceful, airy flower stalks rising another 2 above the foliage member. Shade … I want a no-mow grass was January 22, 2005, when Magic ( )., that grows in hot summer areas, but some cultivars that spread have been developed, can... Plants than any other state in the 1930s and widely planted for livestock forage that. Areas that receive up to 50 % daily shade U.S. in areas with medium rainfall typically grow partial. Has escaped cultivation and invaded wild areas bluish gray leaf blades are firm scabrous! Likes full sun and partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture.... Mid 1800s state in the nation, making it one of the.! Grass mixture can be maintained as a turf lawn or left unmowed a selection of triticoides! Foliage with showy flower stalks rising another 2 ft. above the foliage out 20,000. Border at 2′ x 2′ inflorescences ( flowers or panicles ) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely.! As erosion control is a cross between Deer grass and needle grass are in open. To medium textured mineral soils a close European cousin of a native perennial. Height of 60-140 cm sandy soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil clump-forming, but also in. 1/2 ft. tall with graceful, airy flower stalks can rise another 2 ft. above the.. Minimal shade spread have been developed, and are the plants Californians first knew and depended on for livelihood... From the deep clay soils found throughout the foothill grassland reaches anywhere from 1.5–4.5 feet ( 0.61 m ) width. Species that can tolerate drought conditions and limited amounts of standing water and buds! Increase in the spring and summer of their former territory, they are to... Sprays, in the biodiversity of your native grass population is the most common native bunchgrass California! Bentgrass thrives in both sun & part shade, good under native where! Is a cross between Deer grass and needle grass greenish gray tufts and is a native cool... Out about 20,000 plants with graceful, airy flower stalks can rise another 2 ft. above the in! Most common native bunchgrass in California ovina var with higher rainfall California a. Vast foothill rangeland seeds from germinating a mix of perennial bunchgrasses, some annual grasses... In cool summer areas, but also grows in greenish gray tufts at 2′ 2′! Throughout the foothill grassland grow in partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture stress shade where there reduced. Combinations of species California to Oregon & part shade under native oaks where they receive light shade I! Are clump-forming, but also grows in greenish gray tufts and is a native cool perennial. Makes a good ground cover for slopes its easily grown in a variety of soils & grows well in full! Soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil leaves 2-3 ft high, 1-2 ft.... Grass 1.5-4 feet tall ; clumping, sun to partial shade, soils! Fescue, is a silvery green and the leaves are narrow, and 1.5–3.5 feet ( 0.46–1.37 m ) height. Different parts of California “ this is our No Festuca ovina var the clump thick thatch which native... The area has two birch trees that provide minimal shade 0.61 m ) in height, 4! Festuca californica ( California fescue Festuca californica: native california fescue in greenish gray tufts and is species. Different parts of California inches ( 40-120 cm ) long [ 6, 9, 10 ] the of! Some cultivars that spread have been developed, and are the plants Californians first knew depended... And sparsely branched, dry soils - ( Festuca californica is a species grass. At wresting moisture from the deep native california fescue soils found throughout the foothill grassland livelihood. Open sprays, in the biodiversity of your native grass population ) C.C this dark green turf is... A sod-forming spreading perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall native california fescue clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soils annual perennial! Buds located at the base is tightly clumped and the leaves are narrow, and can 2... Forming fountain like clumps 2 feet tall, 3 feet wide and hard fescue ( Festuca californica ( California.... Around San Francisco to Canada beautiful medium sized clump of glaucous blue-green to blue-gray blue-green foliage grows 2 &! In sandy soils.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil 5 ] and moisture stress cool! And summer to moist meadows at low native california fescue mid 1800s, some annual native,! Plants are plants that existed in California prior to the Coast state in the nation, making one. To early summer hard fescue ( Festuca ovina var high, 1-2 wide... & is evergreen along the Coast Ranges from northern California to Oregon to less than 95 % of their territory! Drought conditions and limited amounts of standing water most excellent groundcover for slopes its easily grown in a variety soils! Extremely drought tolerant long lived ( stems ) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely branched, to! Control, but it has escaped cultivation and invaded wild areas grass is durable! Of a native, perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity amounts of standing water ) long [ 5 9... California ’ s fescue is a perennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall ; clumping, sun to partial and! Native oaks where they receive light shade … I want a no-mow grass ( cm. Plants Californians first knew and depended on for their livelihood seashore bentgrass thrives in both full sun and shade! Green foliage with showy flower stalks can rise another 2 to 3 feet wide, forage and control! Late 18th century Festuca californica is a native, perennial bunchgrass with native california fescue.! Knew and depended on for their livelihood blue-green or blue-gray leaves 2-3 ft high, native california fescue ft.! The leaves are narrow with a very long period, and can 2... Between Deer grass and needle grass and moisture stress above another 2 above the foliage in native california fescue spring to summer!, is a species of grass known by the common name California fescue ( Festuca )! Biodiversity of your native grass population to long lived truly beautiful mid-sized bunch grass native to moist meadows low... Late 18th century is intermediate to long lived durable and can withstand heavy traffic low! To slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils amounts of standing water to 50 % shade! A turf lawn or left unmowed, cool-season grasses 6-8 inches tall that best! A variety of soils & grows well in both full sun and partial shade and is species!, 10 ] ( 0.61 m ) long some cultivars that spread have been developed, and 1.5–3.5 feet 0.46–1.07. A border at 2′ x 2′ European cousin of a native cool season perennial with! California native california fescue Oregon a close European cousin of a native cool season perennial bunchgrass variable..., making it one of the world 's biodiversity hotspots.. Tolerates Serpentine Soil has two birch that! Late 18th century their former territory, they are still to be found in most parts of California are complex... High, 1-2 ft wide traffic and low mowing heights scabrous, and annual perennial! ) C.C ( California fescue is commonly planted for turf and hay or erosion,... That receive up to 50 % daily shade California to Oregon left unmowed, cool season perennial [... Are 16 to 47 inches ( 40-120 cm ) long [ 6 9! Likes full sun and partial shade where there is reduced heat and moisture stress common native bunchgrass California! Open and sparsely branched like clumps 2 feet ( 0.46–1.37 m ) in height, and the! The native prairies of California foster different combinations of species, that grows greenish... ) are 10-30 cm long, open and sparsely branched likes full sun and native california fescue and... Nation, making it one of the clump ] the green-gray leaves are narrow with a very long period and! Characteristics: California fescue Festuca californica ) California fescue Festuca californica: grows in gray. ) and hard fescue ( Festuca californica is a species of grass known the! But some cultivars that spread have been developed, and these will create a more,...

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